Even Pinker apparently finds the link between thought and language compelling: Being close to animals brings some of it back. Sperber, Dan and Deirdre Steven pinker essays. The trait does not arise from some gene whose effects propagate upward to affect the group as a whole, such as a genetic tendency of individuals to disperse which leads the group to have a widespread geographic distribution, or an ability of individuals to withstand stressful environments which leads the species to survive mass extinction events.
Daly, Martin and Margo Wilson The conceptual hole in psychological studies of social cognition and close relationships. Human fluctuating asymmetry and sexual behavior. This change in sensibilities is just one example of perhaps the most important and most underappreciated trend in the human saga: Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 21, Our culture is underpinned by values that, on close inspection, look very much like sentimentality.
He showed 50,year-old bone flutes found in modern Slovenia that were tuned to musical intervals we would still recognize. Perspectives from Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. Natural Theories of Mind: They fight for one another. Men, I now knew, do not fight for flag or country, for the Marine Corps or glory of any other abstraction.
Wars can be expected to kill larger percentages of smaller populations. Its flexibility "permits us to be aggressive or peaceful, dominant or submissive, spiteful or generous… Violence, sexism, and general nastiness are biological since they represent one subset of a possible range of behaviors.
For this reason the term "group selection" adds little to what we have always called "history. Group selectionists often analogize self-sacrifice among humans to eusociality in insects, and explain both by group selection.
We often do this when someone values something to which they have a particular personal connection, as in the case of Cohen and his eraser. In any case, this debate can be settled only empirically, by studying as many different languages and their speakers as possible.
Gould emphasized that adaptive behaviors can be passed on through culture as well, and either hypothesis is equally plausible.
Subsequent experiments have shown that most of the behavior in these and similar games can be explained by an expectation of reciprocity or a concern with reputation.
An individual or small group can cheaply injure a social parasite or sabotage his possessions, and they can be rewarded for their troubles in gratitude, esteem, or resources.
Reviewed by John R. The Modularity of Thought and the Epidemiology of Representations. Instead of asking, "Why is there war? It is a future—mostly relieved of discord, and freed from an oppressive God—that some would regard as heaven on earth.
Inexpensive but increasingly powerful personal computers made it possible to process large quantities of data about organisms and their characteristics.“You will find the future wherever people are having the most fun,” Johnson argues.
He chronicles how, throughout history, world-transforming innovation emerges from the endless quest for novelty in seemingly trivial entertainments--fashion, music, spices, magic, taverns, zoos, games. He. Linguistics TOP Web sites. Meta-index of linguistics resources: Christopher Manning's site at the University of Sydney, Australia.
Fields of Linguistics by the Linguistics Society of America. Literature (chronological) Peirce, Charles S.
(). On a. Language, Cognition, and Human Nature collects together for the first time much of Steven Pinker's most influential scholarly work on language and cognition.
Pinker's seminal research explores the workings of language and its connections to cognition, perception, social relationships, child development, human evolution, and theories of.
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A few miles farther on, we came to a big, gravelly roadcut that looked like an ashfall, a mudflow, glacial till, and fresh oatmeal, imperfectly blended.
"I don't know what this glop is," [Kenneth Deffeyes] said, in final capitulation.Download