The program is overseen by all three branches of government and has an unprecedented system of checks and balances. The only alternative to good strategic performance is fair or poor strategic performance, not no strategic performance.
As Congress considers reauthorization of this program, we hope that legislators, the press, and the public have a full and complete understanding both of what Section is, and what it is not. Gray, in Joint Force Quarterly "My key argument is organized around three reasons why it is difficult to do strategy well: Increased flattening and convergence of global communications will continue to exacerbate this tension, as Nation states seek to pursue these twin goods within the common spaces shared by protected populations and those who would hold society at risk.
What capability did the law and its attendant implementation bring into being? Moreover, the paper provides compelling evidence to rebut widely circulated myths regarding the actual implementation of Sectionmost notably that NSA exceeded either the intent or the letter of its authorities.
A thorough examination of the purpose, capability, and controls of Section paints a very different picture than the one seen in many critical accounts: What are the controls imposed on the use of the authority?
Fifth, it is worth citing what Clausewitz termed friction, although the previous point can be seen as encompassing aspects of this phenomenon. Rather, it is necessary to consider any capability in the context of its purpose against which criteria should be constructed to gauge its success and the controls imposed on it to ensure that the capability is constrained to its intended application.
In this manner, purpose and controls constitute the moral equivalent of bookends that frame and constrain the creation and employment of any government power.
Why is strategy difficult to achieve, let alone sustain?
There is a sense in which all levels of conflict have strategic features, as Edward Luttwak states persuasively. Comparative Strategic Cultureby Gray, in Parameters, Winter "The purpose of this article is to examine a three-part proposition: Friction is not unique to the strategic realm, but it is likely to be uniquely pervasive and debilitating in its cumulative effect in that realm.
While less frequently showcased than its counterparts, the Tenth Amendment is perhaps the most significant in this regard: With some grateful borrowing and adaptation from Clausewitz, I find six connected reasons.
There are numerous reasons for this confusion: A vision of a politically desirable condition should inspire policy choices supported by a strategy that makes good use of operational competence founded on tactical excellence. Just as cultural awareness can enlighten, so the "fog of culture" can restrict understanding.
Accordingly, Congress should reauthorize this valuable foreign intelligence program. In the past seven years, the program has been remarkably effective, both at protecting the privacy of U.
The National Security Agency has stated that Section is its single most significant tool for identifying terrorist threats.DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE HEADQUARTERS AIR FORCE SPACE COMMAND AFSPCGM provide enable an unprecedented amount of operational capability.
The Air Force depends on, fights through, and actively defends these enclaves.
employment, sustainment, and transition/redeployment. The.
AIR POWER DEVELOPMENT CENTRE Chief of Air Force Essay Competition ii warfare, and discusses a number of considerations for air power employment in irregular conflict. A number of case studies from the Malayan Emergency Chief of Air Force Essay Competition Air Power and Irregular Warfare 2 3 conflict, achieving.
Under British India, Indian Air force was established on October 8, as an assistant air force of the Royal Air force by adopting it uniforms, badges, brevets and insignia.
On 1 AprilNo.1 Squadron formed at Drigh Road in Karachi, on 1 April Operational Employment—Air and Space Operations Center and Air Force Instruction AOC, Volume 3, Operational Procedures — Air and Space Operations Center provide further detail concerning the structure, functions, processes, and personnel.
“Integrity first, service before self, and excellence in all we do.” These core values of the U.S. Air Force have been my inspiration as I have.
Intelligence Studies Essay; Military Commission Coverage; Declassified CIA Documents—Studies in Intelligence Operational Employment, and Legal Underpinnings.
By Chris Inglis, Jeff Kosseff. Friday, April 29,AM. His military career includes over 30 years of active and reserve service in the US Air Force .Download