While the underlying problems of unequal land ownership are common to both Zimbabwe and South Africa, the political and economic crisis that engulfed Zimbabwe from is unlike anything that currently prevails in South Africa.
This has led to programmes that are essentially "land redistribution-centred" because, in most cases, according to the critique, the state has failed to deliver appropriate support services to beneficiaries.
For them, "the risk of reproduction within PCT projects [of] individual farming system does exist and is not negligible.
It is thus important to re-examine their relevance and validity, both theoretically and empirically.
Deininger and Binswanger claim that: In most of the states evaluated by Navarro It is based on the "willing-seller, willing-buyer" principle.
Current land policy in Latin America: In Brazil, where individual states sought to increase the pace of land reform, a pilot program to allow market-based acquisition of land by beneficiaries has had impressive results, accomplishing the land reform faster than expected.
Both become nodes around which politics precipitate. Legal claims on specific portions of land i. The requirement that beneficiaries form an organization has caused various problems for the programme.
This would invalidate many projects" Caught between state and Church: Funds are transferred directly into bank accounts managed by associations This mechanism is also thought to be a key factor in reducing the cost of land because peasants will opt for the best bargains.
It is probable that, in these regions, the beneficiaries would secure their subsistence needs first before thinking of repaying their debts. As van Zyl and Binswanger The Hague, Institute of Social Studies. Urgent attention is required in two main areas: Have there been any examples of white land owners and black claimants collaborating or working together?Among the lessons that various parties in South Africa might draw from the experience north of the Limpopo, however, are that state-led (as opposed to market-led) land reform (as in the s) can.
Towards a better understanding of the market-led agrarian reform in theory and practice: focusing on the Brazilian case effective access to land by the rural poor remains a serious problem in most developing countries today. 2 State-led land reforms have been perceived to be too problematic and too costly to implement, and their strategic.
The Crisis of Rural Poverty and Hunger: An Essay on the Complementarity between Market- and Government-Led Land Reform for its Resolution (Routledge Studies in Development Economics) 1st Edition.
Land reform is a deeply political process and therefore many arguments for and against it have emerged.
These arguments vary tremendously over time and place. For example, in the twentieth century, many land reforms emerged from a particular political ideology, such as communism or socialism. ‘Willing Buyer, Willing Seller’: South Africa’s failed experiment in market-led agrarian reform EDWARD LAHIFF ABSTRACT Since its transition to democracy, South Africa has implemented a multifaceted programme of land reform to address problems of historical.
Market-led agrarian reform (MLAR) has gained prominence since the early s as an alternative to state-led land reforms. This neoliberal policy is based on the inversion of what its proponents see as the features of earlier approaches, and calls for redistribution via privatized, decentralized transactions between ‘willing sellers’ and.Download