A history of the reconstruction period in america

In the administration launched a legal and military offensive that destroyed the Klan. Hayes became president, withdrew the troops, and ended Reconstruction. A "Second Reconstruction", sparked by the Civil Rights Movementled to civil rights laws in and that ended segregation and re-opened the polls to blacks.

Depiction of the secret societies that terrorized African Americans during Reconstruction. African-American participation in southern public life after would be by far the most radical development of Reconstruction, which was essentially a large-scale experiment in interracial democracy unlike that of any other society following the abolition of slavery.

The end of Reconstruction Nonetheless, Reconstruction soon began to wane. A large number became laundresses.

Hayes reached a compromise with Democrats in Congress: What would be the status of the former slaves? Many in the North were infuriated that the South would be returning their former Confederate leaders to power.


Delarge of South Carolina and Jefferson H. Meanwhile, the social and economic transformation of the South proceeded apace. No one knows how many temporarily lost the vote, but one estimate was that it was as high as 10, to 15, out of a total white population of roughly eight million. Nonetheless, the political revolution of Reconstruction spawned increasingly violent opposition from white Southerners.

Soon afterward, Congress approved the Fifteenth Amendmentprohibiting states from restricting the right to vote because of race. Liberal Republicans and the Election of The discovery of new scandals split the Republican Party inas reform-minded Liberal Republicans broke from the ranks of moderates and radicals.

By Decemberthe Lincoln plan of Reconstruction had been enacted in Louisiana and the legislature sent two Senators and five Representatives to take their seats in Washington. They created new state constitutions to set new directions for southern states. He also outlined how new state governments would be created.

3 Reconstruction

As a result, a system of sharecropping was developed where landowners broke up large plantations and rented small lots to the freedmen and their families.

Senate as the first black senator Reconstruction Era Timeline Fact Freed slaves suffered from smallpox, yellow fever, and malnutrition. Intense controversy erupted throughout the South over these issues. Just hours after celebrating the end of the Civil War with the Surrender of Appomattox the nation was plunged into shock and mourning with the murder of President Lincoln.

Not all free people formalized their unions. The issue was how to receive the four million Freedmen as citizens. To blacks, freedom meant independence from white control.

With the Compromise ofmilitary intervention in Southern politics ceased and Republican control collapsed in the last three state governments in the South. Loyal to the Union during the Civil War, they saw the Republican Party as a means of keeping Confederates from regaining power in the South.

As Northern Republicans became more conservativeReconstruction came to symbolize a misguided attempt to uplift the lower classes of society. This important struggle was waged by radical northerners who wanted to punish the South and Southerners who desperately wanted to preserve their way of life.

People in the South feared that the people of the North would want revenge and would wreak a terrible retribution on the former Confederate States of America. Congress is outraged, and Radical Republicans refuse to recognize new governments in southern A history of the reconstruction period in america.

Racism was still a potent force in both South and North, and Republicans became more conservative and less egalitarian as the decade continued. Library of Congress LC-USZ This drawing of African American soldiers returning to their families in Little Rock, Arkansas, after the war captures the exhuberant spirit of many former slaves upon gaining their freedom.

Moderates said this could be easily accomplished as soon as Confederate armies surrendered and the Southern states repealed secession and accepted the 13th Amendment — most of which happened by December Lincoln proposed giving the vote to "the very intelligent, and especially those who have fought gallantly in our ranks.

Eventually, as the Union Armies advanced into the Confederacy millions of slaves were set free. Turner of Alabama, Josiah T. Emancipation Proclamation Celebration of the Emancipation Proclamation in Massachusetts, In JulyPresident Lincoln became convinced that "a military necessity" was needed to strike at slavery in order to win the Civil War for the Union.

Ultimately, Tilden receivedmore popular votes than Hayes, and of the electoral votes needed to become president. Congress, at this time controlled by the Radicals, proposed the Wade—Davis Bill that required a majority of the state electorates to take the oath of loyalty to be admitted to Congress.

The Compromise of With the election result hanging in the balance, Congress passed the Electoral Count Act in earlycreating a fifteen-man commission—eight Republicans and seven Democrats—to recount disputed votes in South Carolina, Louisiana, and Florida.

Apart from the requirement that they abolish slavery, repudiate secession, and abrogate the Confederate debt, these governments were granted a free hand in managing their affairs.Most former slaves in the South, meanwhile, became sharecroppers during the Reconstruction period, leasing plots of land from their former masters in exchange for a percentage of the crop yield.

and a flood of Americans taking out bad bank loans slid the economy into the worst depression in American history. Jul 18,  · Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this ultimedescente.com period of Reconstruction.

Reconstruction, one of the most turbulent and controversial eras in American history, began during the Civil War and ended in It witnessed America's first experiment in interracial democracy.

During Radical Reconstruction, which began innewly enfranchised blacks gained a voice in government for the first time in American history, winning election to southern state legislatures.

The first era, when the group was founded, was in the aftermath of the Civil War, particularly during Reconstruction. The Klan operated as a vigilante group that targeted newly freed black populations and Republican politicians in the Reconstruction governments of the former Confederacy.

Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States. It was a time of great pain and endless questions.

This drawing of African American soldiers returning to their families in Little Rock, Arkansas, after the war captures the exhuberant spirit of many former slaves upon gaining their freedom. They.

A history of the reconstruction period in america
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